The%parsed field is used to skip the variable field without extracting anything for it. To calculate percentage (Number of records in FILE1/Number of records in FILE2)*100 using DFSORT in Mainframe. 5) Create output record with fewer fields. JOHN 28000 00004, SORT FIELDS=COPY a lower number of digits (d) instead by specifying DIGITS(d). The followingcontrol statements will transform records containing a field of formatcyymmddto the formatyyymmdd. 1,20 - data at 1st position of input file with length 20 copied to 1st position(if you don't specific position, it will start from 1st position) of output file. Your client may not be so happy at the end of the year to find that they've paid for reading and "counting" 7.3m records just so that you can set an RC. OUTREC statement used above will copy first 10 bytes from input file & convert all letters to lowercase letters. In fact in DFSORT, BUILD is "aliased" to FIELDS in INREC, OUTREC and OUTFIL (says Frank Yaeger, who should know). Table 1. Also this INCLUDE will not give me the file i want. //SYSIN DD * SORT statement. The sort utility you use does have them. CSM, CSPO, CSD, CSP, A-CSPO, A-CSM are registered trademarks of Scrum Alliance. IFTHEN=(WHEN=(30,5,CH,EQ,Csmall),OVERLAY=(45:C***)) overlays the marks of the student with *** who are belong to small. // DISP=(,CATLG,DELETE), OUTREC FIELDS=(1,54,..)copies first 54 bytes of input file data to output as it is. My approach has to be execute a statement check the results then add the next statement. 7thbyte will be placed as a space in output file. PMP, PMBOK, PMI-ACP and PMI are registered trademarks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. Professional Scrum Master, PSM, Professional Scrum Product Owner, PSPO etc. OUTREC OVERLAY=(30:30,4,TRAN=LTOU,..) Converts the data lower to upper from 30th position of length 4 and writes to output from 30th position. . smith WEDNESDAY 25000 Obviously I have a lot of catching up to do! Requirement 2: Copy input file to output file as it is, however, while writing output records, copy field at position 1-20 from input file followed by string ' TOTAL ' followed by 5 zeroes followed by field at position 21-30 from input file. @zarchasmpgmr: JCL does not allow multiple BUILD/OUTREC statements. You can mix p,m fields (fixed fields) and %nn fields (parsed fields) in BUILD and OVERLAY. example of ZD formats are '000000000002.459000-' and '0000000000000005.42-'. Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. WHEN=INIT clauses are processed before any of the other IFTHEN clauses. v If WIDTH(n) is specified and the calculated record length is greater OUTFIL 03 gets all the not 0000s which are not 'Y'. Is it possible to rotate a window 90 degrees if it has the same length and width? You can delete, rearrange and insert fields and constants. 21,10) You can mix p,m fields (fixed fields), and %nn fields (parsed fields) in BUILD and OVERLAY. is the protected brand of Scrum.org. C'TUE',C'TUESDAY', - You can delete, rearrange and insert fields and constants. example, if DIGITS(5) results in overflow, you can use DIGITS(6) BUILD is new. AKSHAY 10000 00002 How can I use it? appropriate record length and LRECL by not specifying WIDTH(n). SORT FIELDS=COPY 4) Convert PD back to ZD. Identify those arcade games from a 1983 Brazilian music video, AC Op-amp integrator with DC Gain Control in LTspice. OVERLAY says "update the information in the current record with these data-manipulations (BUILD always creates a new copy of the current record). The nature of simulating nature: A Q&A with IBM Quantum researcher Dr. Jamie We've added a "Necessary cookies only" option to the cookie consent popup. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Where, . Why do we calculate the second half of frequencies in DFT? You can create the reformatted OUTREC records in one of the following ways using unedited, edited, or converted input fields. . Build parameter can be used in OUTFIL statement also. Use one or more WHEN=NONE clauses to apply build or overlay items to your input records that did not meet the criteria for any of the WHEN=(logexp) clauses. Note that if all of the fields in your records have fixed positions and lengths, you don't need to use PARSE. The%01parsed field is used to extract the first variable field into a 5-byte fixed parsed field. You can insert blanks before, between, or after fields. Overwrite input record content. Please post your sysouts including the syntax errors.. FWIW- Those are not ZD values. rev2023.3.3.43278. . john MONDAY 08000 You have your counts. present. Thus total record length of output file is 40. Any one run of which (even with the 10,000-record example) will outweigh the costs of a "Mainframe" solution running every day for the next 15+ years. OUTREC gives you the flexibility to reformat your output file in multiple ways . You could insert the current time as well as the current date in your records to produce a timestamp. 4-digit sequence number is added in output at position 10, starting at 1000 and incremented by 2 for every record. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Adding a sequence number to the output file. If clause 4 is satisfied, its build items are applied and processing stops. you can have a common BUILD for all the includes I guess. Did you read the documentation of COUNT (No, is the answer, so do so)? COBOL: How to Write INPUT and OUTPUT Procedures, The Complete List of COBOL Special Registers. Overlay lets you change specific existing columns without affecting the entire record. Overlay lets you change specific existing columns without affecting the entire record. confused.. Can you please explain how this would work over the syntax i have tried. IN identifies the constant (the find constant) and OUT identifies the constant (the replace constant). . OUTREC control statement use in SORT OUTREC control statement is used to reformat (adds, deletes, or reformats fields) each record after they are sorted, merged, or copied by specifying all of its items one by one. If you input file record is 2015/04/0415:30 theoutput will be Run Date:2015/04/04|Run Time:13:30. INREC adds, deletes, or reformats fields before the records are sorted or merged. OUTREC FIELDS=(1:1,30,36:SEQNUM,5,ZD) This will make the whole process inefficient. For your second question, yes it can be done in one step, and greatly simplified. // UNIT=TEST,SPACE=(CYL,(50,10),RLSE) The issue now I think is that having multiple BUILD/OUTREC gives a duplicate error. You can assign up to 1000 parsed fields (%0-%999) to the variable fields you want to extract. As a mainframe resource, if you have command on DFSORT you will get many job opportunities. OUTREC is processed after SORT/MERGE and SUM (if present) otherwise after INREC. Example: Experienced software developer. IFTHEN clauses let you use sophisticated conditional logic to choose how different record types are reformatted. Replace Low Values with Spaces using SORT, JIRA Workflow for Optimal Project Tracking, Automatically Assign Issues JIRA Automation, JIRADashboard Popular Gadgets for Agile Teams, Vertical Slice vs Horizontal Slice User Story. Syntax for using FIELDS parameter in its simplest form:-, C ==> indicates the position in output field, P ==> indicates the position of input field, Requirement: To copy all the records from input file to output file. To display hexadecimal representation of input value. X represents single space. For details of what that mask is, look it up in the manual, as you will discover other useful pre-defined masks at the time. Don't use INREC FIELDS=, or OUTREC FIELDS= or OUTFIL OUTREC=, use BUILD in their place. The OUTREC control statement allows you to reformat the input records after they are sorted, merged, or copied. OUTREC= (1,10,50,4,40,4) Both examples will reformat the record so that it consists of the first 10 bytes of the input record, followed by the 4 bytes starting at position 50, followed by the 4 bytes starting at position 40. If clause 1 is satisfied, its overlay item is applied and processing stops. You can create the reformatted OUTREC records in one of the following ways using unedited, edited, or converted input fields. You can delete, rearrange and insert fields and constants. used, ICETOOL terminates the operation. I have tried this but get a syntax error: I have managed to sort, sum and edit the data as required. . OMIT specifies that reformatted output records with 0 or 9 in position 81 (header or trailer records) and a sequence number in positions 82-83 greater than 1 (second and subsequent header or trailer records), are omitted. Use IFTHEN statements if you want to insert, rearrange, delete or overlay fields in different ways for different records. I have used OPTION COPY for clarity. Following records will be selected from the input file. Try changing OUTREC to OUTFIL. TOT calculates the number of records in the input file. OUTREC FIELDS=(..,40,8,ZD,EDIT=(SII,III,IIT),SIGNS=(,-))converts the 8 digit ZD to M12(SII,III,IIT) and displays sign only for negative values. Under the OUTREC parameter of the OUTFIL control statement, see [n]/ on page 2.91 for a complete description of the / sub parameter. It will be helpful in case where days of week coded as MON, TUE, WED which needs to be replaced to MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, Requirement: To replace three char days of week to its fullest form, ----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5 When is the condition Overlay is the actualvalue to be replaced similarly. You can create the reformatted INREC records in one of the following ways using unedited, edited, or converted input fields. Brackets affect the "precedence" of numeric operators in a normal way (consult the manual to be familiar with the precedence rules). Relation between transaction data and transaction id. Example: OUTREC BUILD= (1,20,C'ABC',26:5C'*', 15,3,PD,EDIT= (TTT.TT),21,30,80:X) OVERLAY: Reformat each record by specifying just the items that overlay . Syncsort Manual: Click Here. Linear regulator thermal information missing in datasheet. 4. // UNIT=TEST,SPACE=(CYL,(50,10),RLSE) Steps to Create the OUTREC Statement for Reformatting Records. FIELDS is overloaded. INREC is useful in case of the large input files. But if any of the fields in your records have variable positions or lengths, you can use PARSE to treat them as fixed parsed fields in BUILD or OVERLAY. 15: is "column 15" (position 15) on the record. Example: Reformat each record by doing various types of find and replace operations. From the context, this is OUTREC on OUTFIL. For date values in the form Cyyyy/mm/dd, you could use the DATE1(/) constant; For date values in the form Cyyyy-mm, you could use the DATE2(-) constant; For date values in the form Pyyyyddd, you could use the DATE3P constant; For date values in the form Zyymmdd (2-digit year date), you could use the YDATE1 constant. length is 25) should be copied at position 1 in output file followed by the field at position (46 to 50 i.es length is 5) should be copied at position 26 of output file. OUTREC IFTHEN=(WHEN=INIT,BUILD=(1:1,80)),..) Copies the 80 bytes data from input file to output as it is. OUTREC BUILD=(1,10,TRAN=UTOL,11,3, - Not the answer you're looking for? // UNIT=TEST,SPACE=(CYL,(50,10),RLSE) ICETOOL always calculates the record Is there any other way of achieving the same in JCL? //SYSIN DD * 40 RAMESH 34000 03 20120410 50 Kishore 50000 02 20120408. FINDREP - Can do find and Replace operation using this parameter. You can mix p,m fields (fixed fields) and %nn fields (parsed fields) in BUILD and OVERLAY. REFORMAT FIELDS=? INREC FIELDS=(..,SEQNUM,4,ZD) - Generate the sequence number from 29th byte of length 4. OUTREC in SORT JCL - Example 1 If you want to add sequence number to the output data after sorting input data. Note that if all of the fields in your records have fixed positions and lengths, you don't need to use PARSE. Batch split images vertically in half, sequentially numbering the output files. In the above example, employee number is in the field position 1,15. Input file has one or more records for same employee number. john THURSDAY 28000 If the records are fixed-length, spaces would be appended to the end of the record to replace the deleted characters. OUTREC FIELDS=(1,29,JFY=(.., LEAD=C'<,TRAIL=C>),..) adds the C< as a lead and C> as a trail. OUTREC FIELDS=(1:6,25,26:46,5) Why do many companies reject expired SSL certificates as bugs in bug bounties? //SYSOUT DD SYSOUT=* CHANGE=(10 indicates that replacing string will occupy 10 letter positions. I added DIGITS(6) in step001 and modified below OUTFIL FNAMES=SETRC,NULLOFL=RC4,INCLUDE=(23,6,CH,GT,C'090.00'). OUTREC FIELDS=(..,55,8,Y4W,ADDDAYS,+2,TOJUL=Y4T(/),..) adds +2 days to the date in the input file and converts it to Julian date before writing it to output file from 55th position. . Note that if all of the fields in your records have fixed positions and lengths, you dont need to use PARSE. The below is what I think you are trying to do. Other usages with Inrecand Outrec:(SOurce IBM). The INREC control statement allows you to reformat the input records before they are sorted, merged, or copied. Previous SUM FIELDS=NONE removes duplicates on fields specified in SORT FIELDS. JCL is for those statements that begin with // like DD, EXEC, JOB, OUTPUT, etc. If you want to replace or remove data anywhere in records, the FINDREP parameter of the OUTREC statement needs to use instead. Syntax for using FIELDS parameter in its simplest form:- OUTREC [FIELDS|BUILD] = ( C:P,M,.) AKSHAY TUE 10000 How should I go about getting parts for this bike? To include a single apostrophe in the string, you must specify it as two single apostrophes example, to include the word Toms you need to specify CToms. Not the answer you're looking for? For example, you could use GT to select records with dates after today, or LT to select records with dates before today. Example: Reformat different records in different ways by specifying how build, overlay, find/replace, or group operation items are applied to records that meet given criteria. . Example:IFTHEN abbreviate a word from Input File To insert 5 blanks, write 5X between the two fields. steve MONDAY 20000 NOMATCH=(11,3), - SMITH 25000 Convert the date from mmddccyy to ccyymmm(julian date). Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. SORT FIELDS= (106,4,CH,A) SUM FIELDS= (162,4,BI,166,4,BI) OUTREC FIELDS= (106,4,162,4,166,4) Table 2 shows the output. BUILD operand is used to construct the output record. If you have any doubts or queries related to this chapter, get them clarified from our Mainframe experts on ibmmainframer Community! Else, the input record is written to output, as-is. OUTREC FIELDS=(1,29,JFY=(SHIFT=LEFT,..),..) Justifies the data in the first 29 bytes to left. You can assign up to 1000 parsed fields (%0-%999) to the variable fields you want to extract. The number in stock and number sold fields are binary values which would actually be unreadable if you printed or displayed the output records shown in Table 2. If clause 2 is satisfied, its build items are applied and processing continues. The sequence number starts at 5 and is incremented by 5 each time. Output file for SORT JCL Assume the current date is 4-Apr-2012. Lets assume N is 30 days. If you use PGM=SORT, for example, that's a utility. Thus total record length of output file is 30. Browse other questions tagged, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Reach developers & technologists worldwide. All to set an RC. The sequence number will be 1 for the first header record, 2 for the second header record and 3 for the third header record. /*, ----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4 OUTREC FIELDS=(..,4X,..) add 4 spaces from 40th byte. How do I align things in the following tabular environment? 2 Incredible DFSORT Insert Separators Examples in JCL | Srinimf. You can use nX to specify n blanks.To insert 10 blanks, write 10X before the first field. WIDTH can only be specified If you use PGM=SORT, for example, that's a utility. Build gives you complete control over the items you want in your reformatted OUTREC records and the order in which they appear. INREC and OUTREC do the same, but the only difference is the way reformatting is done. We make use of First and third party cookies to improve our user experience. Can Martian regolith be easily melted with microwaves? particular value (for example, 80), or if you want to ensure that the PMP, PMBOK, PMI-ACP and PMI are registered trademarks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. Professional Scrum Master, PSM, Professional Scrum Product Owner, PSPO etc. C'WED',C'WEDNESDAY', - OUTREC FIELDS=(1,39,..)copies first 39 bytes from input file to output as it is. Add two days, two years to the date in the input file. places 'B' (matched records), '1' (present in file1, but not in file2), or '2' (present in file2 but not in file1) in the 1st position of the output BUILD. IFTHEN - Give us the more flexibility in handling different types of records, in . The sort utility you use does have them. The location and length of the number sold field. INREC:Specifies how records are reformatted before they are sorted, copied, or merged. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Agree FIXLEN=5 tells DFSORT that the %01 parsed field is 5 bytes long. What sort of strategies would a medieval military use against a fantasy giant? . Affordable solution to train a team and make them project ready. Example: PARSE can be used for many different types of variable fields including delimited fields, comma-separated values (CSV), tab-separated values, blank-separated values, keyword-separated fields, null-terminated strings, and so on. // DCB=(RECFM=FB,LRECL=30,BLKSIZE=0), . In the input file, the content in position 1,6 is overwritten to the position 47,6 and then copied to the output file. FIELDS specifies an ascending 1-byte character control field at position 81 (the identifier byte added by INREC), and an ascending 5-byte character control field starting at position 8 (the key for the detail records). Now its working fine. Example: Reformat each record by specifying just the items that overlay specific columns. A file has 100 records. 20 bytes). ICETOOL's COUNT operator how long you wanted the output data to be, so INREC WHEN=GROUP can be used with BEGIN to identify a header record starting a group and END to identify a trailer record ending a group. It should be: Code: INREC FIELDS= (.) and OUTREC FIELDS= (.) Also skills in Mainframe. SORT FIELDS=(1,3,ZD,A) - Once the above two tasks done, the file will sorted and the same writes to output after sorting. You can read my previous installment if you miss it. TRAN=UTOL, can be used to convert data from upper case to lower case. BUILD exists on INREC, OUTREC and OUTFIL, separately and as part of an IFTHEN. // DCB=(RECFM=FB,LRECL=30,BLKSIZE=0), Tell them what you want to do, and they probably already have something you can use to do it with (when discussing this, bear in mind that these are technically data sets, not files). The SORT, SUM and OUTREC statements are as follows: SORT FIELDS= (106,4,CH,A) SUM FIELDS= (162,4,BI,166,4,BI) OUTREC FIELDS= (106,4,162,4,166,4) Table 2 shows the output. The following is an example of the IFTHEN parameter: PMP, PMBOK, PMI-ACP and PMI are registered trademarks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. Professional Scrum Master, PSM, Professional Scrum Product Owner, PSPO etc. OUTREC FIELDS=(..,30,30) Copies the input file data from 30th byte of length 30 copies to output as it is. Let us assume input file has following data and structure INPUT FILE Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. example, if DIGITS(10) is specified, 10 digits are used instead of 15. Minimising the environmental effects of my dyson brain. For instance, you want to know when one file is within 10% of the size of the other. OUTREC FIELDS=(1,29,..) Copies the first 29 bytes of data from input file to output as it is. OUTREC control statement is used to reformat (adds, deletes, or reformats fields) each record after they are sorted, merged, or copied by specifying all of its items one by one. In the join keys recently I used, in my work, Inrec, Outrec and Overlay in a sort card. IFTHEN clauses for the OUTREC statement can be used to select subsets of the output records and apply different BUILD, FINDREP or OVERLAY items to them. The first IFTHEN WHEN=(logexp) clause identifies and operates on header records (HDR in positions 1-3); OVERLAY puts todays date in the form ddd/yyyy in positions 6-13, adds a 0 in position 81, adds a ZD sequence number in positions 82-83 and does not affect the rest of the record. Read the answer please. . I don't know what "Code" tags are. You can read my previous installment if you miss it. //SORTOUT DD DSN=DEPT.EMPL.DATA.OUTPUT2, OUTREC as equivalent of BUILD is only on OUTFIL. What is the purpose of non-series Shimano components? it came up with its own figure. Back to top OUTREC FIELDS=(1,80,SQZ=(.., MID=C,)) the data which had spaces in between separated by ,. n can be from 1 to 32760. OUTREC FIELDS=(1,5,2X,6,10), SORT FIELDS=COPY Example: INREC BUILD= (1,20,C'ABC',26:5C'*', 15,3,PD,EDIT= (TTT.TT),21,30,80:X) OVERLAY: Reformat each record by specifying just the items that overlay specific columns. The answer to your first question is simply that you did not tell Example 1: Formating a file(USING OUTREC), SORT FIELDS=COPY - It is for copy records to output file. Explnation: Above statement will convert data field at position (1-20) of input file to its uppercase form and write it to output file. Time constants can also be produced in a variety of other characters, zoned decimal and packed decimal formats as well such as Chh:mm, Zhhmmssxx and Phhmmss. If your LRECL does not need to be set to a particular JOHN 08000 If clause 5 is satisfied, its overlay item is applied and processing stops. If clause 6 is satisfied, its build items are applied and processing stops. Explanation In the above example, the SORT card will select the records, if the date in the input record is between the current date +/- 10days. INREC FIELDS=(7:2,5,20:10,3) - Here we have two formattings, 7:2,5 - data at 2nd position of input file with length 5 copied to 7th position of output file, 20:10,3 - data at 10th position of input file with length 3 copied to 20th position of output file. Explnation: In above case all records will be copied from input file to output file. JCL - Examples Example 1: Alocate PS dataset using IEFBR14 UTILITY //STEP01 EXEC PGM=IEFBR14 //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSOUT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSDUMP DD SYSOUT=* //DD1 DD DSN=userid.IBMMF.PSFILE, // DISP= (NEW,CATLG,DELETE),VOLUME=SER=DEVL, // SPACE= (TRK, (1,1),RLSE),UNIT=SYSDA, // DCB= (DSORG=PS,RECFM=FB,LRECL=80,BLKSIZE=800) //* If clause 4 is not satisfied, its build items are not applied and processing continues. IBMMainframes.com is not an official and/or affiliated with IBM. Alternatively, something has already previously read or written those files. Write unique records to output. IFTHEN statements allow you to reformat different records in different ways by specifying how build or overlay items are to be applied to records that meet given criteria. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Your comment must have arrived while I was writing the answer. . The day-to-day application requirements in a corporate world that can be achieved using Utility Programs are illustrated below: 1. Using SORT DATE Functions you can dynamically insert the date, like yyyy-mm-dd or any format instead of a constant date like 2021-01-01. There's nothing "wrong" with the control cards. . Statement SORT FIELDS=COPY is used here to indicate that all records will be copied from input file to output file. Requirement: To convert field at position 1-20 of input file to Upper case characters. OUTFIL 01, moved to make it easier to follow, gets all the records which are not selected on another OUTFIL (by using SAVE). What is \newluafunction? //SYSIN DD * FINDREP indicates doing a find and replace operation. The 0, 1 or 9 identifier byte added in position 81 allows us to sort the header records (0) first, followed by the detail records (1), and then the trailer records (9). INCLUDE and OMIT statements can be used to select records using a variety of formats for todays date like Cyyyymmdd, Cyyyy/mm/dd, +yyyymmdd, Cyyyyddd, Cyyyy/ddd, +yyyyddd, Cyymmdd and so on.