The house can be of full concrete setup, or it can be made simply of easily available and low cost materials. "A neighbour had a Speckle Park bull and he was putting them over Shorthorn cows, and I liked that they were a moderate framed animal that doesn't take too long to grow, and they'd been doing well in carcase competitions," Mr Comb said. Please contact us for more information. Limousin x steers are very often the dominating winning cattle in hoof & Hook and steer completions, and are sought after by prod. We have I thought they were going great in Canada until i read @Heronfish comment. Speckle Park cattle were once highly prevalent in the beef industry due to their excellent taste and meat quality, not to mention that these cows produce young with few issues and make terrific mothers. As an android developer, I was responsible for designing and developing this application. McGill said heifers born to unrestricted or supplemented dams hit puberty younger, have better pregnancy rates, increased 205-day weaning weights, and greater weaning weights with their calves. Both parts of the name refer to the color pattern. As early as one month into gestation, nutrient deficiency in the cow can start to result in reprogramming of the offspring and affect postnatal development, said McGill. WebI believe Legacy is the best bull we have bred in 12 years of breeding Speckle Park. (306) 647-2140 adElemSticky.style.width = rect.width + 'px';
We Would Love to Have You Visit Soon! STORM - RAJ S2 Bull calf 6 months old Scone Speckle Park Sale achieves near full clearance for larger catalogue. Excellent for small acreage or first time cattle owner. WebSpeckle Park is now the go to breed and for good reason that to its high Conversion of grass and or grain into more kilograms of high-quality beef, Speckle Park is winning competitions around the world and out weighing at feedlot trials. Although twins are not unusual, they typically give birth to a single calf. And make the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. Mix of heifers and steers for sale 12 Beef if ((_footer && _footer.getBoundingClientRect().top < 500)) { Initial invoice and receipts will be done by email, and original hard copies will be sent afterwards. Please only contact by phone, LIMOUSIN CATTLE will breed you market topping calves that are keenly sought by astute producers, feedlots and butchers due to their excellent feed conversion, superior and proven carcass attributes and hybrid vigour ! Breeders wanted to produce a specimen that yielded excellent meat mass, which they proved with this delightful breed of cattle. Matt Black and Mikayla Hamilton have been using Speckle Park bulls over their Romanola females for the past four years, and they now run 25 purebreds and 80 cows in the commercial crossbreeding operation at Jiggi. Mr Comb has purchased two bulls, first-cross joined heifers, and three females at Scone in the past, including the Australian record-breaking heifer that sold for $32,000 in 2018. Apr 1, 2008. Mated with Brooklana pedigree Bull Q48 son of Capitalist 316. Marked calves. WebThe hard copy catalogue will be sent to all Speckle Park members. Age Range (in months) 0-1 All animals are on a full vaccination program as well, full details can be requested. The terms and conditions of the sale shall constitute a legal contract between buyer and seller and be equally binding by both parties. Or any existing Canadian Speckle Park cattle farms (if there are any). Cattle Farming and Caring Information and Guide, How to Start Canadian Speckle Park Cattle Farming, Telemark Cattle Characteristics, Origin & Uses, Aubrac Cattle Characteristics, Origin & Uses, Mongolian Cattle Characteristics, Origin & Uses, Murnau-Werdenfels Cattle Characteristics & Uses, Begin Argentine Criollo Cattle Farming Business, Tudanca Cattle Characteristics, Origin, Uses, How to Protect Your Dog From Wild Animals, Buffalo Chopper: Best Uses & Working Process Info, Buffalo Trimming: Best Hooves Trimming Tips, Moringa Farming: Drumstick Cultivation Business, Best Oatmeal Cooker: Top 4 With Pros & Cons, Harmons Cooking Classes: Best For Learning Cooking, Goat Head Cooking: Preparation, Pros & Cons, How Hot to Cook Tombstone Pizza in The Oven. All Raja Speckle Park cattle are 100% grass fed. Anything that happens early on in gestation tends to play the biggest role later in life.. We have been selling animals for a few years and have not ever been discounted. The open day will take place from 1 pm-3 pm on Saturday, October 30 th, 2021, with an auction to follow at 4 pm at the Mariner Hotel, Westport, Co. Mayo. Contact your local insurance provider to arrange coverage on your new purchase. All bulls are sold with Legacy Speckle Park Inc. having joint semen marketing control. Nutrition influences both. We are open 7 days a week. It is good to see that there is some interest out there regarding the breed. This application is designed for cities inside Iran and has been published in Cafebazaar (Iranian application online store). Your digital subscription includes access to all content on our agricultural websites across the nation. Beef producers honour environmental role models, Cattle prices stay high as temperatures plunge, Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy | 2023, Glacier FarmMedia Limited Partnership. Just ensure that the house is secure and comfortable for the animals. adElem.style.top = ''; WebLegacy Speckle Park . Free delivery on bulls within 120 miles, anything over the free delivery distance is done at cost. Speckle Park bovines make absolutely fantastic mothers with incredibly nurturing instincts. Island manager and sonic driller at Blue Max Drilling Inc. Our island sonic completing a geotechnical evaluation in the sunny comox valley today #bluemaxdrilling #sonic #drilling #geotechnical, Managing Director AW Synergy Boreholes at Arnold White Group, We (AW Synergy) are delighted to be working alongside key partnerRendescoat a new build site in London, delivering 60 Boreholes at 240metres depth with our new Comacchio 909GT Rigs. The team behind Baw Baw Speckle Parks set up the stud with foundation bulls and females from the Scone sale, and now they're selling two unjoined heifers this year. She owns a small farm in Amaranth, Ont. The open source application of FilmBaz is in fact an online catalog to fully introduce the top movies in the history of world cinema and provides the possibility of viewing movies based on different genres, creating a list of favorites, searching for movies based on their names and genres, and so on. Legacy Speckle Park does not guarantee bulls will pass all testing required to draw exportable semen or that semen will freeze. Preparing the cattle for Azki is the biggest insurance application in Iran. These cows are notoriously spotted or speckled, giving way to the name. Updated May 10 2017 - 8:41pm, first published May 9 2017 - 2:30pm. Ph, 5 x Cows in calf to Charolais $2300 each. The Diary Of A CEO is coming to America for two months TODAY! Website The heifers are expected to be picked up at the ranch by the buyer. Location. Come meet us at booth 2900 to see a demo of our software!! All very quiet bucket trained come when you call them easy to move from paddock to paddock Even well over a year and a half, sometimes two and a half years, after being born, despite no differences apparent at its birth.. We care about the protection of your data. Since they are a Canadian breed, they are well adapted to frigid temperatures, making them exceptionally cold hardy. They chase them here at the saleyards, kind of the reverse to docking, and the crosses too. While dairy isnt their strong suit, these meat cattle produce fantastic results on the table and raise young beautifully, too. $50 per straw plus gst. A 3D visual can provide a statistically-based estimate of the in situ mass of contaminants. Each animal becomes the responsibility of the purchaser as soon as it is sold. The Scone multi-vendor sale has become renowned for quality, and this year's catalogue includes 53 bulls, 49 heifers, 14 semen packages and eight embryo lots. We decided to make the jump into the purebreds in the fall of 2013. That is what I am looking for to offer to my clients that come looking. Use the search! We use our own bulls on our commercial herd and have worked on all the key elements that help us to be profitable. - Create a plan to subdivide the treatment volume into strategic zones; or To date, Davis-Rairdan has exported beef cattle embryos to the USA, Australia, Argentina, Costa Rica, New Zealand, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, England, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Japan, China, Ireland, Scotland, Russia, Colombia, Panama and the Czech Republic. Josh Vogel adElem.style.visibility = 'hidden'; Speckle Park look like they might have a lot offer the beef industry. The open source application of Isfahan University locator has been developed for locating and getting acquainted with different locations of Isfahan University for the students of this university. Our atmosphere is welcoming to all genders and ages, we pride ourselves in providing great service, we do beard trims, hot towels shaves, skin fades, kid cuts and business cuts. 2 friesian steers @ 6mth still on cow $650 Can work out deal depending on purchase package. 6 steers 40 heifers and steers Angus/speckle/Murray grey Cows in calf with 2 calves (6months old) All quiet cattle and will negotiate as a group. While we provide information resources and canine education, the content here is not a substitute for veterinary guidance. Rendesco will then be installing the Heat Pump system for 3 Apartment Blocks to deliver 461 zero carbon homes, providing highly efficient, renewable heat for all residents! Seems like a great fit. The breed was named Speckle Park by Bill and Eillen Lamont. Marketing cattle products is not a problem. You can also consider artificial insemination method for breeding your cows, especially if you want to avoid the hassle of raising breeding bulls. Cows 3 to 4 years old In order to avoid any confusion or conflict, we are fully transparent with the details of joint semen ownership in order to protect the rights of both the Buyer and Seller. 1 Brown Brahman steer $850 If a bid is placed within 5 minutes of the closing time, closing times for that event WOLF LAKE JANGO 19J. Feb 2, 2022. All animals are on a full vaccination program as well, full details can be requested. Tammalee - 506kg - $1,800 Tammalee is a purebred Guernsey cow. Cows redepastured to Speckle Park Bull 3-4.5 months in calf. WebRaja Speckle Park Cattle For Sale Heifers Please contact us to discuss heifers. WebGood morning My unique creations for you. All A1 stock if (width <= 900) { This application has been published in Cafebazaar (Iranian application online store). Prices start at $950 for calves 4. QUESTION: Who should we have on the podcast while we're there - we've loved your recent suggestions - many of which are now booked! The dams nutritional status could alter production efficiency and meat quality as the fetus enters critical skeletal muscle fibre and tissue formation in mid-gestation. 1 x Angus x Holstein Bull $650 This is branded content for Alinjarra Speckle Park It is the responsibility of the current owner to make the next owner aware of the semen rights agreement that continues on with the bull. Cranes & Lifting Parts & Wrecking Cattle; Speckle Park x Angus 9 months old steers soft quiet cattle yard weaned, $1500 incl each ono. Although twins are not unusual, they typically give birth to a single calf. Are Speckle Park Cattle Good for Small-Scale Farming? 107-117 Railway Place, Elmore VIC 3558. The Canadian Speckle Park cattle is one of the only a few meat cattle breeds developed in Canada. Can you post more pictures? As the name implies, Canadian Speckle Park Cattle originated in Saskatchewan, Canada. We assist you in choosing the best genetics for your specific needs and environmental conditions. Come treat yourself to the old school hot towel, hot lather and a straight razor shave like the old days. Females tend to be a little sleeker with excellent structure and low fat distribution. Legacy Speckle Park does not guarantee bulls will pass all testing required to draw exportable semen or that semen will freeze. They are docile and easy to breed, meaning you can easily maintain your cattle and reap the benefits of annual slaughter. Movotlin is an open source application that has been developed using modern android development tools and features such as viewing movies by different genres, the ability to create a wish list, the ability to search for movies by name and genre, view It has information such as year of production, director, writer, actors, etc. At Davis-Rairdan, we are involved in a joint-marketing arrangement with our clients. Keiross stud principals Doug and Leanne Comb, from Hay, have four bulls in the sale which feature Canadian and Australian genetics. 4 were here. Firm market at Stanthorpe as seasonal weaner sales start, Inland Rail's northern progress hangs on Queensland approvals, Sangus heifers PTIC top Yulgilbar female sale, Tamworth turns out for Country Championships qualifier, Man killed in early morning ute rollover crash, Terms and Conditions - Digital Subscription, Terms and Conditions - Newspaper Subscription. We encourage you to inquire today! Current Sale s Current Sales The Supreme Speckle Park Bull & Female Sale Friday, April 15 2022 View Catalog This association was created with the intent to develop a new breed. Your email address will not be published. Josh Vogel (306) 647-2140 or (306) 621-4035. I do have some more questions about these animals though. Tenterfield,New England Region NSW,Australia. Click here. Purchasing good quality animals is very important, because good quality animals always ensure good production and maximum profits. A post shared by PORTAL BOI GORDO (@portalboigordo). Fetal programming reflects the long-term impacts of maternal stimulus or insult during critical periods of fetal development on progeny. Anybody that's raise cattle in Western Canada can appreciate that trait, especially if they calve in winter or early spring. Here are some WebAgbuysell is best online resource to buy and sell purebred speckle park cattle, calves online without giving any commission and yes in best price. ABN: 30 142 666 831 Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. McGill explained if a cows losing weight, shes not meeting the calfs needs despite the calf being the priority for nutrient partitioning. PIC ND213724 The cattle were expected to produce rich, plentiful milk and be docile. Because good food not only helps the animals to stay healthy, but also helps them to grow better and produce more. Theyre now following those heifers offspring, essentially looking at grandmother nutrition, McGill said, to see how far the effects go and how many generations might feel those epigenetic differences.. top of page. It is a very beautiful breed and native to the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. You are interested in Nordmeyer GEOTOOL GmbH products in #USA and #MEXICO? Anybody that has any doubts on their beef producing ability needs to look no further than the carcass class results at the Calgary Stampede over the last few years. if (window.innerWidth > 900) {
Because cattle products already have very good demand and value in the market. HEALTH GUARANTEES:All registered bulls are guaranteed breeders and in good breeding condition. WebSpeckle Park Bulls For Sale - Check out the Bull Pen. We ensure the embryos we market are of the best quality out of proven donor cows and superior sires. adElem.style.width = ''; Steers from supplemented dams, time and again, show greater weaning weights, greater feedlot gains, bigger carcass weights and fat levels, despite showing no outward signs at birth.. Speckle Park & Angus x Heifers and Purebred Guernsey cow. More. adElem.style.zIndex = '21'; He is in the Top 1% for 200, 400, 600, Retail Beef Yield and Milk! I really like the looks of that bull. CLICK HERE to Email Katy | (979) 571-7498 View More. We sell our Speckle Park bulls on March 26 in the Integrity Speckle Park Bull Sale and our Red Angus bulls are available by private treaty. Because, good caring not only helps the animals to stay healthy, but also helps them to grow better and stay productive. All bulls are semen tested and guaranteed to be breeders. Professional haircut performed with either machine and/or shears. So, they will require moderate amount of space inside their house. Posted 01/29/2021 by Diamond K } else { Khooshe application is related to the sms system of Khooshe Ads Company, which is used to send bulk advertising text messages to the users of the system. We are always up for visitors and look forward to showing anyone the bulls and our cowherd. 2 white Brahman steers weaned $850 We encourage you to inquire today! adElem.style.display = 'block'; gform.initializeOnLoaded( function() {gformInitSpinner( 7, 'https://farmtario.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg' );jQuery('#gform_ajax_frame_7').on('load',function(){var contents = jQuery(this).contents().find('*').html();var is_postback = contents.indexOf('GF_AJAX_POSTBACK') >= 0;if(!is_postback){return;}var form_content = jQuery(this).contents().find('#gform_wrapper_7');var is_confirmation = jQuery(this).contents().find('#gform_confirmation_wrapper_7').length > 0;var is_redirect = contents.indexOf('gformRedirect(){') >= 0;var is_form = form_content.length > 0 && ! 3yo pure breed cows . #rustfree } And also Top 3% For EMA. "We loved the coat colour and they looked easy doing which suited us because we only had a small acreage, and after researching them we found they were doing well in hoof and hook competitions here and in Canada, so they were able to compete with proven beef breeds," Mr Cook said. Although, you should set your marketing strategies before starting this business. Bellingen stud Promised Land will have its first offering of Speckle Park cattle in this year's sale. If a bull is re-sold by the buyer, Legacy Speckle Park Inc. retained interests persist with the new owner. Call him with your specific needs and discuss the offering. Anybody interested in more information or pictures, let me know. A 30-month study of steers born to late-gestation, nutrient-deficient dams versus non-deficient dams showed unrestricted progeny had greater retail yield on a carcass weight basis, higher marbling scores, improved feed efficiency and a low metabolic issues probability later in life. Home. 2x . You wont find better cows anywhere. (306) 621-4035 Speckle was used because of the spots throughout the rear quarters. WebBreeders of world class Angus, Brangus & Speckle Park In 2017 Hidden Valley Speckle Park was incorporated by Peter and Roz Alexander, with an aim to select and breed world class Look to the Speckle Park Stud you can trust Rose Hill Speckle Park Stud. Rose Hill has bulls, females and genetics on offer at two leading sales each year, along with cattle and genetics available on property year round. Want something different? Talk to Alex and Natalie about running an ET program specifically tailored to your requirements. Speckle Park x Bull 6 months old Lovely quiet young bull Located Lanefield SE QLD. #16. Speckle park purebred bred cows/ bred heifers. Start calving March 1 to May 30 bred to purebred bulls. They all come from quiet, easy calving Countryside yavisa 31y Countryside falina 324F Countryside diva 207d Countryside zarina 49z Countryside hesrina 41H Countryside hailey 35h Countryside 46H Asking $4000 and up. When were talking about cost saving and efficiency these days, efficient animals mean a lot, she said. The type of your cattle housing system can be any depending on your budget and also on the availability of building materials in your area. Phil Orgill and James and Carly Moyes run the stud near Yarrogin in Victoria, using embryo transfer to build numbers. Lets learn if its a wise investment for your farmyard. 6. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting and operating a successful Canadian Speckle Park cattle farming business from purchasing animals to caring and marketing. Any other info that you can give me would be beneficial. Speckle Park Cattle Characteristics. Gentlemens Haircut & styling with either shears or clippers. So, ensure availability of adequate amount of clean and fresh drinking water as per their demand. Just ensure that the animals are of very good quality, strong, hardy and active. You can purchase the cattle from any of your nearest livestock market. work. The Canadian Speckle Park cattle is a relatively new breed of domestic cattle. 3yo pure breed cows . The park derives from the characteristic black, white and grey spots and patches of color that the breed is known for. According to the University of Wyoming study, dams grazed on improved pasture had calves with increased weaning weights and a higher tender meat score than those on native pasture. Bull is broken in and can be caught and lead ,easy to load on horse float. A visual representation of the timeline for muscle and fat cell growth during fetal development. "We have a lot of dairies in our area, so we're producing low birthweight bulls to go over dairy cows, and mainly white bulls so they produce the better coats.". Lanmore Speckle Park has rounded off what has been a whirlwind of a year with the first Speckle Park auction of its kind in this part of the world. This continues until no bids are placed for 5 minutes. Currently holds the world record $5,150 per straw sold at Maungahina Bull Sale June 2020. The Speckle Park cattle breed is a wonderful small-scale farming breed that works for virtually any homestead need. Raja Speckle Park Cattle For Sale. Buy. Vendor bred. What are the colors like? Skimping on cow nutrition to meet a shrinking bottom line could hurt more than it helps by reducing herd profitability. This service is only for a beard trim and line placement of the beard using a straight razor blade for that detailed sharp look. WebThe hard copy catalogue will be sent to all Speckle Park members. The sale offers in excess of 100 live lots as well as genetic packages. What do you see as the benefits to using Speckle Park? All four bulls in this year's Scone sale have Codiak Acres dams, with the embryos chosen for the stud's proven maternal bloodlines. Our semen is collected on farm by a qualified veterinarian. I was at the Canadian Western Agribition in the fall and noticed some interesting animals. #gtr790 #nordmeyergeotool #drilling #drillingrig #drillrig #soilinvestigation #siteinvestigation #soilsample #soiltest #windowsampling #dynamicprobing #dynamicsampling #mobildrill #rammkernbohren #geodrillinginternational #directpush #drb60 #rambo #estudedesol #groundengineering #groundinvestigation #investigationdelsuelo #geotool #gtr1100 #construction #sampling #groundwork, VP, Global Operations- Managing Partner at Alucast Inc. Congratulations to everyone involved. I am also a breeder and can add the following. If you are interested in raising a few cattle on a small plot of land, its possible that you can locate a breeder in your geographical location with this breed. #alucast #borehole #cptdrilling #drillingrigs #drillers #drilling #geotechnical #geotecnia #geotechnique #geoteknik #environmentalconsulting #consultants #siteassessment #contaminacin #contaminacin #parabns, Providing Cutting-Edge Data Deliverables for Environmental and Civil Engineering Projects. adElem.style.opacity = '1'; All Legacy Speckle Park Inc. bulls are sold with the following conditions; No payments are made online. Speckles In The Capital 3rd September 2022 The Speckles in the Capital sale is held at SELX Yass. The pictures of the prospects intrigued me as they look like some flashy animals. I was hoping some people out there in cattle land could give me a hand. You are using an out of date browser. Belted Galloway cows calves steers heifers Buyer and Seller will receive a written and signed document that explains the entire details of this guarantee. Limousin infused calves will astound you with their noticeable growth and superior performance , compared to their purebred siblings ( of any breed ) . If you'd like to receive a catalogue, please contact the Kedzlie's or sale agents Nutrien Livestock Armidale's Cody Van Heerwaarden, 0421 272 223 cody.vh@nutrien.com.au or Harry Phillips, 0456 688 138 harry.phillips@nutrien.com.au. } else { The Beef Farmers of Ontario (BFO) awarded The Environmental Stewardship Award (TESA) to Lynn Leavitt of Leavitts Black Angus Beef. This application has been published in Cafebazaar (Iranian application online store). And a breed association was formed named the Speckle Park Breeders Association by the representatives of nine herds in 1985. } TerraView Solutions is excited to share our cutting edge turf health solutions with the golf course superintendent world at the GCSAA Trade Show! WebLegacy Speckle Park . Copyright 2007-2023 Gumtree IP Aus Holding Ltd. All Rights Reserved. It may not display this or other websites correctly. The Canadian Speckle Park cattle are beef cattle breed. Cow and calf $2,000.00 So, always try to take good care of your animals. CWA National Speckle Park Sale 2022. You can also consider feeding them silage, especially during the dry season. WebSpeckle Park cattle originated in Canada. Not only that but they are a hardy breed that doesn't need to be kept close to the barn at calving time. Plus speckle parks cows 9mths calves, $3,500 each incl. Feeding the animals with very good quality and nutritious food is the most important part of Canadian Speckle Park cattle farming business. Unit for sale = $3,000 3 year old F1 speckle park x Angus cow Sophie with first calf 6 month old bull calf to pure speckle bull. WebCheck out the latest issue of GeoDrilling International displaying our new partnership with our friends from Mobile Drill Intl You are interested in adElemSticky.innerHTML = ''; GARY & NANCY & FAMILY ARDROSSAN, ALBERTA, CANADA (780) 998-5483 codiak@albertacom.com. If you want to add a few of these beauties to your barnyard, they shouldnt be particularly hard to locate if you live in Canada, Ireland, or Australia. The heifers are expected to be picked up at the ranch by the buyer. As the name suggests, the Canadian Speckle Park cattle are truly a Canadian breed developed from the Aberdeen Angus, Teeswater Shorthorn and British cattle with the white park pattern. WebThe production of a quality cheese and the training and sale of draught cattle was the main income for these farms. Taking good care of your animals is very important. Click here. Preparing All lots for this event will close at the same time. Volume pricing is available for orders of 10 or more straws with sale prices quoted excluding GST. 18 mixed weaners/vealers 1 charolais/Angus white steer still on cow $1100 WebSpeckle Park Buy ORIgen Semen Click on bull name for details and ordering information: Bull Name: Reg #: Codiak Uncle Freddy GNK 30G [CAN] 10890 Buy Semen $25 McMurry I worked on this team as an android developer and developed some products. window.onscroll = function () {
WebThe Farm Trader Australia Pty Ltd. PO Box 4079, Alfredton, VIC, 3350. More specifically, the data can: View More. BREEDERS looking to add Speckle Park to their stud or commercial programs will have the oportunity to choose from a range of proven genetics from Australia and Canada with the fifth Annual Invitational Speckle Park Sale on April 24. Speckle Park Genetics is a platform that allows for easy access to elite Speckle Park sires and embryos. Once the proper outcome was achieved for the breed, it grew in popularity, forming its own Canadian Speckle Park Association in 1985. And a beard trimmed to the length of customers preference finishing off with a straight razor to all the edges for a long lasting look. 10:00 AM (SYD, NSW) AEDT 9955213 - 24 PTIC Cows TARAGO, New South Wales AW LYNCH 100% Angus / Angus 557kg live We have been fortunate enough to be raising cattle for over 100 years, being able to pass the knowledge down from generation to generation. Breeds Available Cant find what youre looking for in the list below? Hair cut of your choice, includes, fades, tapers, classic style or modern cut with a straight razor finish for a long lasting clean look. Prices Bull $1,500.00 Youll also receive industry insight on why it matters delivered right to your inbox, 6 days a week! This would be a great gift that could be used year round. The moral of the story is a fetus developed in a uterine environment which either benefited from some supplementation or from unrestricted nutrient intake exhibited major economic advantages, McGill said.